//Why DNA is different from other project and How does it work?

Why DNA is different from other project and How does it work?

Dualchain Network Architecture is a combination of a decentralized, censorship resistant architecture and a scalable, programmable, fast architecture. It is a paradigm shift for the industry, aimed at addressing the specific issues present in modern blockchains as mentioned. Instead of compromising scalability for decentralization or vice versa, the Dualchain Network Architecture (DNA) introduces an innovative, faster blockchain which runs parallel to the original mainnet. It is designed with the capacity to manage high transaction volumes on a per second basis. The introduction of a Dualchain structure optimizes scalability and decentralization by taking advantage of the benefits of different consensus algorithms, and for far greater interoperability when the protocol is adopted on other blockchainshttps://preview.redd.it/dcvp3y6srq641.png?width=812&format=png&auto=webp&s=1388ed93e56ac08a6f542f2503ff7c470d690d1a​What is DNA :The Metaverse Dualchain Network Architecture (DNA) is a system that provides scalability, security, decentralization and speedy operations, all at a time, to its users. The DNA is a direct opposite of the regular Blockchain projects which lacks all these features and so is inefficient. So it is safe to say that the Metaverse DNA a superior Blockchain and a game-changer for the different projects which adopt Metaverse.​https://preview.redd.it/6my36wn8yq641.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=6e9c4d710313d846fb651b13a3b91bf273319ff2​What is the relation between DNA and Metaverse?DNA is a Metaverse blockchain based project and associate branch of Metaverse. Especially, there is applied Dualchain network concept on DNA and built on three core blockchain pillars : Security, Scalability, and Interoperability. The Dualchain Network Architecture DNA by metaverse blockchain. All technical support is provided by Metaverse technical team. To concern for you, DNA will be able to scale without damaging its compatibility and sacrificing its interoperability.​How Dualchain Design and work ?DNA’s Dual Chain design is inspired by the layered design of the Internet. The Internet utilizes a layered protocol architecture to address each functionality separately. Internet’s interoperability is achieved when the Internet Protocol (IP) abstracted away the differences between different networking technologies. This layered abstraction design creates a common infrastructure for all sorts of different applications to connect and communicate despite the differences in the underlying network they use. Similarly, instead of trying to tackle both scalability and interoperability in one big monolithic layer, DNA adopts a layered design addressing the two issues separately in two distinct layers – the Performance Layer (DNA-PL) and the Interoperability Layer (DNA-IL). Dividing a system into multiple sub-layers gives each layer the flexibility to evolve separately and independently. As we’ve seen, this feature has allowed the Internet to be grow and scale at incredible speed as it upgrades from dial-up to fiber optic, 4G and 5G links. The speed of Internet’s growth and the success of its interoperability would have been very difficult without its layered protocol architecture that addresses each functionality separately in different layers. Like the Internet, DNA’s divided layered architecture will allow DNA-IL to improve Interoperability independently without affecting the performance of the DNA-PL layer. Similarly, DNA will be able to scale without damaging its compatibility and sacrificing its interoperability.https://ift.tt/35TSjCc can node work in Dualchain network :​https://ift.tt/2ENBY6a Nodes : Super Nodes are elected or replaced by consensus among Regular Nodes and make decisions on any protocol change to the DNA blockchain.Regular Nodes : Regular Nodes keep full copies of the Metaverse and DNA blockchains, and validate blocks to earn rewards. They can accept delegations from Child Nodes and return their proportion of rewards.Child Nodes : Child Nodes do not need to maintain full copies of the blockchain, and can delegate their staking power to Regular Nodes to generate rewards.​Why DNA is The World of Consensus Mechanisms ?​Proof of WorkProof of work was initially implemented as part of the first-ever functioning blockchain protocol, Bitcoin, in 2008 — though its origins are older than that. First concretely described in a whitepaper by professional cryptographers Ari Juels and Markus Jakobsson, PoW is a way of confirming that network participants expended a certain level of computational effort in a given length of time.Proof of work consensus mechanisms use a hash function, which allows each full node on the network to announce their conclusion about a block’s validity to the wider network. This can then be cross-verified by other network participants. The hash function is essential in a PoW system, as if it contains false or unacceptable information it will not be validated to the network and instead will be rejected from the final version of the block.Proof of StakeDeveloped alongside second-generation blockchains, proof of stake (PoS) is a consensus mechanism based not on physical mining, but rather by selecting block validators according to how many tokens participants hold.Instead of the hash function in PoW based consensus mechanisms, PoS provides individual ‘stakeholders’ with a digital signature that verifies their ownership of a stake in the protocol. When the time comes to validate new blocks, the network will randomly select an individual node to validate the information. The higher the number of tokens an individual holds, the more likely they are to be selected to validate the next block.When a validator approves a new block, they receive a block reward just as in PoW systems. This ensures that it is worthwhile for individuals to participate in the network and stake their tokens in order to be in with a chance to be selected to validate a block. As minimal physical expenditure of computational or hashing power is required, this process is often referred to as ‘minting’ blocks, rather than ‘mining’ in PoW protocols.At present, there have been few functional implementations of true PoS consensus protocols. Ethereum is one of the highest-profile blockchains to transition to a PoS based system, with the launch of their Casper PoS algorithm expected to replace PoW mining. Still, in its infancy, the development of Casper took a long time though it promises a huge increase in network scalability.​Delegated Proof of StakeSome blockchain researchers recognize that there are issues with a pure PoS consensus method — the most pressing of which being participation. For example, say a blockchain has a high number of individual holders, or addresses, each with a nominal value of protocol tokens. In this case, unless voting participation was unusually high, it would be difficult to attain a fully representative vote — as it’s likely that many blockchain participants won’t take an active role in voting or validation on the network.Instead, delegated proof-of-stake or dPoS systems share many of the same principles of PoS consensus, with the added ability for participants to ‘delegate’ their stake to a trusted pool or entity, who can then stake it on their behalf. A great example of this would be an individual who has the necessary hardware to run a staking pool 24/7 with guaranteed uptime, so they will have a higher likelihood to be chosen to validate any given block. In this case, participants could delegate their stake to this pool and every time it is chosen to validate a new block, they would each receive block rewards proportional to their stake in that pool.Arguably, dPoS is a superior consensus mechanism to PoS in some ways because it recognizes that not every participant has the necessary technical knowledge, computing hardware or time to participate directly in protocol consensus. As it is advantageous to have a maximum number of network participants, dPoS allows these individuals to still take part in consensus. Although this makes the network more centralized in theory, there is no requirement to remain in a staking pool indefinitely.​**——–**The Metaverse approach to consensus is one of the most novel ways yet. By using a Dualchain Network Architecture, or ‘DNA’, Metaverse seeks to optimize both scalability and decentralization by using different consensus mechanisms in parallel. The DNA BaseChain, which is the Metaverse ETP mainnet, utilizes a hybrid PoW and PoS consensus mechanism while the DNA chain will use a variation of dPoS to achieve consensus.Essentially, this splits Metaverse’s consensus into two stages, first by using proof of work, and then by switching to a delegated proof of stake or pure PoS consensus mechanism on an ad-hoc basis. Metaverse will use PoS based consensus when the PoW consensus reaches the upper bounds of its transaction limits. For example, if transactions on the Metaverse network approach the limits of mining capabilities, there’s the possibility of switching to the second phase and utilizing DPoS.To avoid the challenges and pitfalls of both DPoS and PoS as we’ve touched upon above, Metaverse introduces the concepts of ‘Token-Height’ and ‘HeartBeat’. Token-Height weights votes in a DPoS system to avoid interference by financial manipulation. For example, if would-be attackers attempted to hijack the system by suddenly acquiring large amounts of tokens, their Token-Height would still be low, and as a result they would have little voting power.Similarly, inactive users attempting to gain passive dividends from consensus without contributing to the system will be deterred, as all staking participants will have to send a ‘HeartBeat’ to the system to show they are still active. This motivates holders to ensure their delegates are consistently acting in their best interests.​How can Metaverse achieve scalability?​https://ift.tt/2SA4PTR are other emerging protocols implementing new technologies to deal with the scalability issues described above. Many are using lightning channels tailored to their own blockchains, creating side chains, or using solutions such as Segwit. However, a few projects are deploying more novel solutions, like running two parallel blockchain protocols side-by-side.Metaverse achieves scalability while also maintaining security and decentralization through their Dualchain Network Architecture, or DNA protocol. Metaverse DNA uses delegated proof of stake, or dPoS, to ensure block times are extremely fast while also providing a fair and transparent way for network participants to reach consensus. Likewise, by deploying integrated lighting channels, transactions are virtually instantaneous.By using two chains, Metaverse can enable fast transaction speeds with low fees, and allow more data to be stored on-chain. The DNA protocol can be deployed on any public and permissionless blockchain, and as such can be used as a standard for other blockchains. From here, users can issue standardized APIs and protocols which would enable data, assets, digital identities and smart contracts to be deployed on-chain.As one of the first protocols to deploy a Dualchain system, Metaverse seeks to alleviate the issues associated with scalability, while also providing cryptographic security guarantees and maintaining the decentralization of our network.​​Where DNA token trading :​RightBTC added the DNA/BTC Trading Pair from September 18th 4:00am UTC+0 (Beijing Time 12pm).Official website of Metaverse DNA: mvsdna.comCryptocurrency is subject to high market risk, please make your investments cautiously.Announcement from : rightbtc teamhttps://preview.redd.it/q87cj5wp4r641.png?width=1342&format=png&auto=webp&s=c5bea7694c70d6ce2cbcc0a862989657549b259cMetaverse achieves scalability while also maintaining security and decentralization through their Dualchain Network Architecture, or DNA protocol. Metaverse DNA uses delegated proof of stake, or dPoS, to ensure block times are extremely fast while also providing a fair and transparent way for network participants to reach consensus. Likewise, by deploying integrated lighting channels, transactions are virtually instantaneous.By using two chains, Metaverse can enable fast transaction speeds with low fees, and allow more data to be stored on-chain. The DNA protocol can be deployed on any public and permissionless blockchain, and as such can be used as a standard for other blockchains. From here, users can issue standardized APIs and protocols which would enable data, assets, digital identities and smart contracts to be deployed on-chain.As one of the first protocols to deploy a Dualchain system, Metaverse seeks to alleviate the issues associated with scalability, while also providing cryptographic security guarantees and maintaining the decentralization of Metaverse network.Official Resources :Website: https://ift.tt/2PWmRN7 https://twitter.com/mvsdnaFacebook: https://ift.tt/2qYW5Ln https://ift.tt/2PM8SsQ https://t.me/mvsdnaDNA White Paper: https://ift.tt/2YSjWci White Paper: http://mvsdna.com/Metaverse-Whitepaper.pdf​Writer DetailsBitcointalk Name: BenediccioBitcointalk profile : https://ift.tt/2saKAkO

Dualchain Network Architecture is a combination of a decentralized, censorship resistant architecture and a scalable, programmable, fast architecture. It is a paradigm shift for the industry, aimed at addressing the specific issues present in modern blockchains as mentioned. Instead of compromising scalability for decentralization or vice versa, the Dualchain Network Architecture (DNA) introduces an innovative, faster blockchain which runs parallel to the original mainnet. It is designed with the capacity to manage high transaction volumes on a per second basis. The introduction of a Dualchain structure optimizes scalability and decentralization by taking advantage of the benefits of different consensus algorithms, and for far greater interoperability when the protocol is adopted on other blockchains

https://preview.redd.it/dcvp3y6srq641.png?width=812&format=png&auto=webp&s=1388ed93e56ac08a6f542f2503ff7c470d690d1a

What is DNA :

The Metaverse Dualchain Network Architecture (DNA) is a system that provides scalability, security, decentralization and speedy operations, all at a time, to its users. The DNA is a direct opposite of the regular Blockchain projects which lacks all these features and so is inefficient. So it is safe to say that the Metaverse DNA a superior Blockchain and a game-changer for the different projects which adopt Metaverse.

https://preview.redd.it/6my36wn8yq641.png?width=567&format=png&auto=webp&s=6e9c4d710313d846fb651b13a3b91bf273319ff2

What is the relation between DNA and Metaverse?

DNA is a Metaverse blockchain based project and associate branch of Metaverse. Especially, there is applied Dualchain network concept on DNA and built on three core blockchain pillars : Security, Scalability, and Interoperability. The Dualchain Network Architecture DNA by metaverse blockchain. All technical support is provided by Metaverse technical team. To concern for you, DNA will be able to scale without damaging its compatibility and sacrificing its interoperability.

How Dualchain Design and work ?

DNA’s Dual Chain design is inspired by the layered design of the Internet. The Internet utilizes a layered protocol architecture to address each functionality separately. Internet’s interoperability is achieved when the Internet Protocol (IP) abstracted away the differences between different networking technologies. This layered abstraction design creates a common infrastructure for all sorts of different applications to connect and communicate despite the differences in the underlying network they use. Similarly, instead of trying to tackle both scalability and interoperability in one big monolithic layer, DNA adopts a layered design addressing the two issues separately in two distinct layers – the Performance Layer (DNA-PL) and the Interoperability Layer (DNA-IL). Dividing a system into multiple sub-layers gives each layer the flexibility to evolve separately and independently. As we’ve seen, this feature has allowed the Internet to be grow and scale at incredible speed as it upgrades from dial-up to fiber optic, 4G and 5G links. The speed of Internet’s growth and the success of its interoperability would have been very difficult without its layered protocol architecture that addresses each functionality separately in different layers. Like the Internet, DNA’s divided layered architecture will allow DNA-IL to improve Interoperability independently without affecting the performance of the DNA-PL layer. Similarly, DNA will be able to scale without damaging its compatibility and sacrificing its interoperability.

https://preview.redd.it/hurxkvlfzq641.png?width=719&format=png&auto=webp&s=f85222bd25825f4020a678208497506d3b546a98

How can node work in Dualchain network :

https://preview.redd.it/uoniqqlu1r641.png?width=699&format=png&auto=webp&s=6947acdf0b657002a892d76b8a5b7a47e19f9fdf

  1. Super Nodes : Super Nodes are elected or replaced by consensus among Regular Nodes and make decisions on any protocol change to the DNA blockchain.

  2. Regular Nodes : Regular Nodes keep full copies of the Metaverse and DNA blockchains, and validate blocks to earn rewards. They can accept delegations from Child Nodes and return their proportion of rewards.

  3. Child Nodes : Child Nodes do not need to maintain full copies of the blockchain, and can delegate their staking power to Regular Nodes to generate rewards.

Why DNA is The World of Consensus Mechanisms ?

Proof of Work

Proof of work was initially implemented as part of the first-ever functioning blockchain protocol, Bitcoin, in 2008 — though its origins are older than that. First concretely described in a whitepaper by professional cryptographers Ari Juels and Markus Jakobsson, PoW is a way of confirming that network participants expended a certain level of computational effort in a given length of time.

Proof of work consensus mechanisms use a hash function, which allows each full node on the network to announce their conclusion about a block’s validity to the wider network. This can then be cross-verified by other network participants. The hash function is essential in a PoW system, as if it contains false or unacceptable information it will not be validated to the network and instead will be rejected from the final version of the block.

Proof of Stake

Developed alongside second-generation blockchains, proof of stake (PoS) is a consensus mechanism based not on physical mining, but rather by selecting block validators according to how many tokens participants hold.

Instead of the hash function in PoW based consensus mechanisms, PoS provides individual ‘stakeholders’ with a digital signature that verifies their ownership of a stake in the protocol. When the time comes to validate new blocks, the network will randomly select an individual node to validate the information. The higher the number of tokens an individual holds, the more likely they are to be selected to validate the next block.

When a validator approves a new block, they receive a block reward just as in PoW systems. This ensures that it is worthwhile for individuals to participate in the network and stake their tokens in order to be in with a chance to be selected to validate a block. As minimal physical expenditure of computational or hashing power is required, this process is often referred to as ‘minting’ blocks, rather than ‘mining’ in PoW protocols.

At present, there have been few functional implementations of true PoS consensus protocols. Ethereum is one of the highest-profile blockchains to transition to a PoS based system, with the launch of their Casper PoS algorithm expected to replace PoW mining. Still, in its infancy, the development of Casper took a long time though it promises a huge increase in network scalability.

Delegated Proof of Stake

Some blockchain researchers recognize that there are issues with a pure PoS consensus method — the most pressing of which being participation. For example, say a blockchain has a high number of individual holders, or addresses, each with a nominal value of protocol tokens. In this case, unless voting participation was unusually high, it would be difficult to attain a fully representative vote — as it’s likely that many blockchain participants won’t take an active role in voting or validation on the network.

Instead, delegated proof-of-stake or dPoS systems share many of the same principles of PoS consensus, with the added ability for participants to ‘delegate’ their stake to a trusted pool or entity, who can then stake it on their behalf. A great example of this would be an individual who has the necessary hardware to run a staking pool 24/7 with guaranteed uptime, so they will have a higher likelihood to be chosen to validate any given block. In this case, participants could delegate their stake to this pool and every time it is chosen to validate a new block, they would each receive block rewards proportional to their stake in that pool.

Arguably, dPoS is a superior consensus mechanism to PoS in some ways because it recognizes that not every participant has the necessary technical knowledge, computing hardware or time to participate directly in protocol consensus. As it is advantageous to have a maximum number of network participants, dPoS allows these individuals to still take part in consensus. Although this makes the network more centralized in theory, there is no requirement to remain in a staking pool indefinitely.

**——–**The Metaverse approach to consensus is one of the most novel ways yet. By using a Dualchain Network Architecture, or ‘DNA’, Metaverse seeks to optimize both scalability and decentralization by using different consensus mechanisms in parallel. The DNA BaseChain, which is the Metaverse ETP mainnet, utilizes a hybrid PoW and PoS consensus mechanism while the DNA chain will use a variation of dPoS to achieve consensus.

Essentially, this splits Metaverse’s consensus into two stages, first by using proof of work, and then by switching to a delegated proof of stake or pure PoS consensus mechanism on an ad-hoc basis. Metaverse will use PoS based consensus when the PoW consensus reaches the upper bounds of its transaction limits. For example, if transactions on the Metaverse network approach the limits of mining capabilities, there’s the possibility of switching to the second phase and utilizing DPoS.

To avoid the challenges and pitfalls of both DPoS and PoS as we’ve touched upon above, Metaverse introduces the concepts of ‘Token-Height’ and ‘HeartBeat’. Token-Height weights votes in a DPoS system to avoid interference by financial manipulation. For example, if would-be attackers attempted to hijack the system by suddenly acquiring large amounts of tokens, their Token-Height would still be low, and as a result they would have little voting power.

Similarly, inactive users attempting to gain passive dividends from consensus without contributing to the system will be deterred, as all staking participants will have to send a ‘HeartBeat’ to the system to show they are still active. This motivates holders to ensure their delegates are consistently acting in their best interests.

How can Metaverse achieve scalability?

https://preview.redd.it/4fqdg4j36r641.png?width=983&format=png&auto=webp&s=b5780878cbc0f9eec83812e8379cd58a91f9b449

There are other emerging protocols implementing new technologies to deal with the scalability issues described above. Many are using lightning channels tailored to their own blockchains, creating side chains, or using solutions such as Segwit. However, a few projects are deploying more novel solutions, like running two parallel blockchain protocols side-by-side.

Metaverse achieves scalability while also maintaining security and decentralization through their Dualchain Network Architecture, or DNA protocol. Metaverse DNA uses delegated proof of stake, or dPoS, to ensure block times are extremely fast while also providing a fair and transparent way for network participants to reach consensus. Likewise, by deploying integrated lighting channels, transactions are virtually instantaneous.

By using two chains, Metaverse can enable fast transaction speeds with low fees, and allow more data to be stored on-chain. The DNA protocol can be deployed on any public and permissionless blockchain, and as such can be used as a standard for other blockchains. From here, users can issue standardized APIs and protocols which would enable data, assets, digital identities and smart contracts to be deployed on-chain.

As one of the first protocols to deploy a Dualchain system, Metaverse seeks to alleviate the issues associated with scalability, while also providing cryptographic security guarantees and maintaining the decentralization of our network.

Where DNA token trading :

RightBTC added the DNA/BTC Trading Pair from September 18th 4:00am UTC+0 (Beijing Time 12pm).

Official website of Metaverse DNA: mvsdna.comCryptocurrency is subject to high market risk, please make your investments cautiously.

Announcement from : rightbtc team

https://preview.redd.it/q87cj5wp4r641.png?width=1342&format=png&auto=webp&s=c5bea7694c70d6ce2cbcc0a862989657549b259c

Metaverse achieves scalability while also maintaining security and decentralization through their Dualchain Network Architecture, or DNA protocol. Metaverse DNA uses delegated proof of stake, or dPoS, to ensure block times are extremely fast while also providing a fair and transparent way for network participants to reach consensus. Likewise, by deploying integrated lighting channels, transactions are virtually instantaneous.

By using two chains, Metaverse can enable fast transaction speeds with low fees, and allow more data to be stored on-chain. The DNA protocol can be deployed on any public and permissionless blockchain, and as such can be used as a standard for other blockchains. From here, users can issue standardized APIs and protocols which would enable data, assets, digital identities and smart contracts to be deployed on-chain.

As one of the first protocols to deploy a Dualchain system, Metaverse seeks to alleviate the issues associated with scalability, while also providing cryptographic security guarantees and maintaining the decentralization of Metaverse network.

Official Resources :

Website: http://mvsdna.com/Twitter: https://twitter.com/mvsdnaFacebook: https://www.facebook.com/MVSDNA

Medium: https://medium.com/metaverse-blockchain

Telegram: https://t.me/mvsdnaDNA White Paper: http://mvsdna.com/MVS%20Dualchain%20White%20Paper.pdfMetaverse White Paper: http://mvsdna.com/Metaverse-Whitepaper.pdf

Writer Details

Bitcointalk Name: BenediccioBitcointalk profile : https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2374197